Hezi Gildor - publications

     Journal Publications
  1. Gildor, H., and E. Tziperman, Sea ice as the glacial cycles' climate switch: Role of seasonal and orbital forcing, Paleoceanography, 15, 605-615, 2000. download

  2. Gildor, H., and E. Tziperman, A sea ice climate switch mechanism for the 100-kyr glacial cycles, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 9117-9133, 2001. download

  3. Gildor, H., and E. Tziperman, Physical mechanisms behind biogeochemical glacial-interglacial CO2 variations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 2421-2424, 2001. download

  4. Gildor, H., and M. Ghil, Phase relations between climate proxy records: Potential effect of seasonal precipitation changes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 10.1029/2001GL013781, 2002. download  

  5. Gildor, H., E. Tziperman, and J.R.Toggweiler, Sea ice switch mechanism and glacial-interglacial CO2 variations, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 16, 10.1029/2001GB001446, 2002. download

  6. Tziperman, E. and H. Gildor, The stabilization of the thermohaline circulation by the temperature-precipitation feedback, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 32, 2704-2714, 2002.  download

  7. Crosta, X., A. Shemesh, M.E. Salvignac, H. Gildor, and R. Yam, Late Quaternary variations of elemental ratio (C/Si and N/Si) in diatom-bound organic matter from the Southern Ocean, Deep Sea Research Part I I, 49(9-10), 1939-1952, 2002.

  8. Gildor, H. and M. Follows, Two-way interaction between ocean biota and climate mediated by biogeochemical cycles, Israel Journal of Chemistry, 42, 15-27, 2002 (special issue on Environmental Chemistry). download

  9. Tziperman, E. and H. Gildor, The mid-Pleistocene 41 kyr to 100 kyr glacial cycle transition, and the source of asymmetry between glaciation and deglaciation times, Paleoceanography, 18, 10.1029/2001PA000627, 2003.  download

  10. Gildor, H., A.H. Sobel, M.A. Cane, and R.N. Sambrotto, A role for ocean biota in the genesis of tropical intraseasonal atmospheric variability, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 1460, 10.1029/2002GL016759, 2003. download

  11. Timmermann, A., H. Gildor, M. Schulz, and E.Tziperman, Coherent resonant millennial-scale climate oscillations triggered by glacial meltwater pulses, J. Climate, 16, 2569-2585, 2003. download

  12. Sobel, A.H. and H. Gildor, A simple time-dependent model of SST hot spots, J. Climate, 3798-3992, 2003. download

  13. Ashkenazy, Y., D.R. Baker, H. Gildor, and S. Havlin, Nonlinearity and multifractality of climate change in the past 400,000 years, Geophys. Res.  Lett., 30, 2146, 10.1029/2003GL018099, 2003. download

  14. Ashkenazy, Y., D.R. Baker, H. Gildor, Simple stochastic models for glacial dynamics, J. Geophys. Res., 110, Art. No. C02005, 10.1029/2004JC002548, 2005. download

  15. Gildor, H. and N.H. Naik, Evaluating the effect of interannual variations of surface chlorophyll on upper ocean temperature, J. Geophys. Res., 110, Art. No. C07012, 10.1029/2004JC002779, 2005. download

  16. Cane, M.A., P. Braconnot, A. Clement, H. Gildor, S. Joussaume, M. Kageyama, M. Khodri, D. Paillard, S. Tett, E. Zorita, Progress in Paleoclimate Modeling, J. Climate, 19, 5031�5057, 2006. download

  17. Shepon, A., H. Gildor, L.J. Labrador, T. Butler, L.N. Ganzeveld, and M.G. Lawrence, Global lightning NOx deposition, J. Geophys. Res., 112, Art. No. D06304, 2007. download

  18. Ben-Tzvi, O., M. Kiflawi, H. Gildor, and A. Abelson, Possible effects of downwelling on the recruitment of coral reef fishes to the Eilat (Red-Sea) coral reefs, Limnology and Oceanography, 52: 2618-2628, 2007. download

  19. Silverman, J. and H. Gildor, The residence time of an active versus a passive tracer in the Gulf of Eilat: a box model approach, J. Marine System, 71, 159-170, doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2007.06.007, 2008. download

  20. Biton, E., H. Gildor, and W.R. Peltier, Red Sea during the Last Glacial Maximum: Implications for sea level reconstruction, Paleoceanography, 23, PA1214, doi:10.1029/2007PA001431, 2008. download

  21. Shepon, A. and H. Gildor, The Lightning-Biota Climatic Feedback, Global Change Biology, 14, 440-450, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2007.01501.x, 2008. download

  22. Ashkenazy, Y. and H. Gildor, The timing and significance of maximum and minimum equatorial insolation, Paleoceanography, 23, PA1206, doi:10.1029/2007PA001436, 2008. download

  23. Bar-Or, R., C. Erlick, and H. Gildor, The role of dust in glacial-interglacial cycles, Quaternary Science Reviews, 27, 201-208, doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2007.10.015, 2008. download

  24. Ashkenazy, Y., Y. Feliks, H. Gildor, and E. Tziperman, Asymmetry of temperature records, J. Atmos. Sci., 65, 3327-3336, 2008. download

  25. Biton, E., J. Silverman, and H. Gildor, Observations and Modeling of pulsating density current, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L14603, doi:10.1029/2008GL034123, 2008. download

  26. Gildor, H., The bottom Ekman layer and the apparent violation of the maximum principle, Geophy. Astro. Fluid Dyn., 102, 593-599, 2008. download

  27. Gildor, H., E. Fredj, J. Steinbuck, and S. Monismith, Evidence for submesoscale barriers to horizontal mixing in the ocean from current measurements and aerial-photographs, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 39, 1975-1983, doi:10.1175/2009JPO4116,1, 2009 download

  28. Lekien, F. and H. Gildor, Computation and approximation of the length scales of harmonic modes with application to the mapping of surface currents in the Gulf of Eilat, J. Geophys. Res., 114, C06024, doi: 10.1029/2008JC004742, 2009. download

  29. Ashkenazy, Y. and H. Gildor, Long-range temporal correlations of ocean surface currents, J. Geophys. Res., 114, C09009, doi: 10.1029/2008JC005235, 2009. download

  30. Gildor, H. E. Fredj, and A. Kostinski, The Gulf of  Eilat/Aqaba: a Natural Driven Cavity? Geophy. Astro. Fluid Dyn., doi: 10.1080/03091921003712842, 2010. download

  31. Carlson, D., P. A. Muscarella, H. Gildor, B. L. Lipphardt, Jr., and E. Fredj, How useful are Progressive Vector Diagrams for  studying coastal ocean transport?, Limno. Oceanog. Methods, 8, 98-106, 2010. download

  32. Biton, E., H. Gildor, G. Trommer, M. Siccha, M. Kucera, M. T. J. Van der Meer, and S. Schouten, Sensitivity of Red Sea circulation to Monsoonal variability during the Holocene: A modeling and sediment record study, Paleoceanography, 25, PA4209, doi:10.1029/2009PA001876, 2010. download

  33. Carlson, D., E. Fredj, H. Gildor, and V. Rom-Kedar, Deducing an upper bound to the horizontal eddy diffusivity using a stochastic Lagrangian model, Environmental Fluid Mechanics, 499-520, DOI 10.1007/s10652-010-9181-0, 2010. download

  34. Ashkenazy, Y., I. Eisenman, H. Gildor, and E. Tziperman, The effect of Milankovitch variations in insolation on equatorial seasonality, J. Climate,,23, 6133-6142, DOI: 10.1175/2010JCLI3700.1, 2010. download

  35. Bar-Or, R., H. Gildor, and C. Erlick, The aerosol cloud fraction effect on cellular marine stratocumulus and its contribution to glacial-interglacial cycles, J. Geophys. Res., , 116, D10119, doi:10.1029/2010JD014470, 2011. download

  36. Biton, E.  and H. Gildor, The general circulation of the Gulf of Eilat/Aqaba revisited: The interplay between the exchange flow through the Straits of Tiran and surface fluxes, J. Geophys. Res., 116, doi:10.1029/2010JC006860, 2011. download

  37. Biton, E. and H. Gildor , Stepwise seasonal restratification and the evolution of salinity minimum in the Gulf of Eilat/Aqaba, J. Geophys. Res., 116 , doi:10.1029/2011JC007106, 2011. download

  38. Biton, E . and H. Gildor , The coupling between exchange flux through a strait and dynamics in a small convectively driven marginal sea: The Gulf of Eilat/Aqaba, J. Geophys. Res., 116, C06017, doi:10.1029/2011JC006944, 2011. download

  39. Ashkenazy, Y. and H. Gildor, On the spatial distribution of ocean surface currents, J. Phys. Oceanogr. , doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-11-04.1, 2011. download

  40. Tziperman, E.,  D. S. Abbot, Y. Ashkenazy, H. Gildor, D.  Pollard, C.G. Schoof, and D. P. Schrag, Continental constriction and oceanic ice-cover thickness in a Snowball-Earth scenario, J. Climate, 117, C05016, 2012. download

  41. Carlson, D.F., E.  Fredj, H. Gildor, E.  Biton, J.V. Steinbuck, S.G. Monismith, A.  Genin,  Observations of tidal currents in the northern Gulf of Eilat/Aqaba (Red Sea), J. Marine System, 159-170,  doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2012.04.008, 2012. download

  42. Aharon, R., V. Rom-Kedar, and H. Gildor, When complexity leads to simplicity: Ocean surface mixing simplified by vertical convection, Physics of Fluids, 24, 056603, 2012. download

  43. Biton, E. and H. Gildor, The seasonal effect in one-dimensional Daisyworld, Journal of Theoretical Biology, , 145-156, 2012.download

  44. Ashkenazy, Y., M. Losch, H. Gildor, D. Mirzayof, and E. Tziperman, Multiple sea-ice states and abrupt MOC transitions in a general circulation ocean model, Climate Dynamics, 40, 1803-1817, doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1546-2, 2013.  download

  45. Ashkenazy, H. Gildor, Y., M. Losch, F.A. Macdonald, D.P. Schrag, and E. Tziperman, Dynamics of a Snowball Ocean, Nature, 495, 90-93, doi: 10.1038/nature11894, 2013. download

  46. Boss, E., H. Gildor, W. Slade, L. Sokoletsky, A. Oren, J. Loftin, Optical properties of the Dead Sea, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 1-9, doi: 10.1002/jgrc.20109, 2013. download

  47. Fine, M., H. Gildor, and A. Genin, A coral reef refuge in the Red Sea, Global Change Biology, 19, 3640-3647, doi: 10.1111/gcb.12356, 2013. downloa

  48. Carlson, D.F., E. Fredj, H. Gildor, The annual cycle of vertical mixing and restratification in the northern Gulf of Eilat/Aqaba (Red Sea) based on high temporal and vertical resolution observations, Deep Sea Research Part I, 84, 1-17, 2014. download

  49. Ashkenazy, H. Gildor, Y., M. Losch, and E. Tziperman, Ocean circulation under globally glaciated Snowball Earth conditions: steady state solutions, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 44, 24-43, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-13-086.1, 2014. download

  50. Gildor, H., Y. Ashkenazy, E. Tziperman, and I. Lev, The role of sea ice in the temperature-precitation feedback of glacial cycles, Climate Dynamics, 43, 1001-1010, 10.1007/s00382-013-1990-7, 2014. download

  51. Biton, E. and H. Gildor, The energy balance of the Gulf of Eilat/Aqaba (northern Red Sea), J. Phys. Oceanogr., 44, 1954-1972, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-13-0220.1, 2014. download 

  52. Mundel, R., E. Fredj, H. Gildor, and V. Rom-Kedar, New Lagrangian diagnostics for characterizing fluid flow mixing, Physics of Fluids, 26, 126602 (2014); doi: 10.1063/1.4903239, 2014. download

  53. Afargan, H. and H. Gildor, The role of the wind in the formation of coherent eddies in the Gulf of Eilat/Aqaba, J. Marine System, 142, 75-95, 2015. download

  54. Siccha, M., E. Biton, and H. Gildor, Red Sea circulation during marine isotope stage 5e, Paleoceanography, 10.1002/2013PA002603, 2015. download

  55. Bar-Yosef Mayer, D.E., Y. Kahanov, J. Roskin, and H. Gildor, Neolithic voyages to Cyprus: Wind patterns, routes and mechanisms, Journal of Island & Coastal Archaeology doi: 10.1080/15564894.2015.1060277, 2015.

  56. Ashkenazy, H. Gildor, Y., and G. Bel, The effect of stochastic wind on the infinite depth Ekman layer model, European Physical Letters, doi:10.1209/0295-5075/111/39001, 2015.

  57. Gildor, H., N. Paldor, and S. Ben Shushan, Numerical Simulation of Harmonic, and Trapped, Rossby Waves in a Channel on the Mid-latitude β-plane, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, doi: 10.1002/qj.2820, 142(699), 2292-2299, 2016.

  58. Amitai, Y., Y. Ashkenazy, and H. Gildor, Multiple equilibria and overturning variability of the Aegean-Adriatic Seas, Global and Planetary Change, in press, 2016.

  59. Ashkenazy, Y., E. Fredj, H. Gildor, G-C. Gong, and H-J. Lee, Current temporal asymmetry and the role of tides: Nan-Wan Bay vs. the Gulf of Elat, Ocean Science, 12, 733-742, doi: 10.5194/os-12-733-2016, 2016.

  60. Biton, E. and H. Gildor, On the origin of a chain of eddies in the Gulf of Eilat/Aqaba, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 46, 2269-2284, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-15-0208.1, 2016.

  61. Fredj, E., D.F., Carlson, Y. Amitai, A. Gozolchiani, H. Gildor, The particle tracking and analysis toolbox (PaTATO) for Matlab, Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, doi: 10.1002/lom3.10114, 2016.

  62. Amitai, Y., and H. Gildor, Can precipitation over Israel be predicted from Eastern Mediterranean heat content? International Journal of Climatology, doi: 10.1002/joc.4860, 2016.

  63. Grossowicz, M., Tchernov, and H. Gildor, A quantitative management tool reflecting impact of nutrient enrichment from mariculture in the Levantine basin,
    Frontiers in Marine Science, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2017.00134, 2017.

Chapters in Book
  1. Gildor, H., Glacial-interglacial CO2 variations, in M. Follows and T. Oguz (Eds.), The ocean carbon cycle and climate, 317-352, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2004. download

  2. Sobel, A.H., C.S. Bretherton, H. Gildor, and M. Peters, Convection, cloud-radiative feedbacks and thermodynamic ocean coupling in simple models of the Walker circulation, in  Earth's Climate: The Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction, C. Wang S.-P. Xie, and J. A. Carton, Eds., American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph 147, 393-405, 2004. download

  3. Carlson, D.F., A.G. Ostrovskii, K. Konstantin, and H. GildorP, Moored automatic mobile profilers and their applications, in Advances in Marine robotics (Ed. Oren Gal), 169-206, LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, 2013. download

  4. Gildor, H., The general circulation in the Gulf of Eilat, in The Glory of the Sea: Stability and Change in the Aquatic Systems of Israel (Ed. Noga Stambler), The Israeli Association of Aquatic Sciences, 2013 (in Hebrew). download

  5. Gildor, H., Paleoclimate over the Red Sea since the Last Glacial Maximum, in The Glory of the Sea: Stability and Change in the Aquatic Systems of Israel (Ed. Noga Stambler), The Israeli Association of Aquatic Sciences, 2013 (in Hebrew). download

  6. Masumoto, Y., M. Nagura, S-P Xie, P. N. Vinayachandran, T. Miyama, Z. Yu, J. P. McCreary, Jr., R. R. Hood, H. Gildor, Ocean processes relevant to climate variations in the Indian Ocean sector, Climate Variability and Predictability, Eds. Behera and Yamagata, Asia Pacific Weather and Climate Vol. 7, World Scientific, 2016.

Reviewed Proceedings

  1. Gildor, H. and E. Tziperman, Sea-ice, the glacial cycles' climate switch, and inter-hemispheric thermohaline teleconnections. Annals of Glaciology, 23, 501-506, 2001. [Proceedings of International Glaciological Society meeting. Fairbanks, Alaska, U.S.A., 19-23 June 2000.]

  2. Gildor, H. and E. Tziperman, Sea-ice switches and abrupt climate change. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A, 361, 1935-1944, 2003download


  1. Gildor, H., When Earth's freezer door is left ajar, EOS, 84(23), 512, 2003. download

  2. Gildor, H., Reply to Comment by Richard Alley, EOS, 84(33), 315, 2003. download